CVC Act and its Amendment
The Central Vigilance Commission (CVC) was set up by the Government of India in 1964 as per the recommendations of Santhanam Committee. CVC acts as an Apex Body for vigilance matters. It is a multimember body consisting of a Chief Vigilance Commissioner (CVC) and two VC (Vigilance Commissioner). The CVC and VC are appointed by the President of India on the recommendations of a committee consisting of the Prime Minister (Chairperson), the Minister of Home Affairs (Member) and the Leader of Opposition in the House of the People (Member).
The Commission was accorded statutory status with effect from 25.8.1998.
The CVC Bill was passed by both Houses of Parliament in 2003 and the President gave assent on 11th September 2003. Thus, the Central Vigilance Commission Act, 2003 (No.45 of 2003) came into effect from that date.
CVC is not an investigation Agency. It works through either CBI or through Vigilance Departments of Organizations.